Authors: Garcia-Vela, A.
Journal: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS
Publication date: 2019/04/14
Abstract: A unified weak-field control scheme to modify the two properties that determine the whole behavior of a resonance state, namely the lifetime and the asymptotic fragment distribution produced upon resonance decay, is proposed. Control is exerted through quantum interference induced between overlapping resonances of the system, by exciting two different energies at which the resonances overlap. The scheme applies a laser field consisting of a first pulse that excites the energy of the resonance to be controlled, and two additional pulses that excite another different energy to induce interference, with a delay time with respect to the first pulse. Each of the two additional pulses is used to control one of the two resonance properties, by adjusting its corresponding delay time: with a relatively short delay time the second pulse controls the resonance lifetime, while with a very long delay time the third pulse modifies the asymptotic fragment distribution produced. The efficiency of the control of each resonance property is found to be strongly dependent on the choice of the second interfering energy, which allows for a more flexible control optimization by choosing a different energy for each property. The theory underlying the interference mechanism of the control scheme is developed and presented, and is applied to analyze and explain the results obtained. The present scheme thus appears to be a useful tool for controlling resonance-mediated molecular processes.