Abstract: Crossing a quantum critical point in finite time challenges the adiabatic condition due to the closing of the energy gap, which ultimately results in the formation of excitations. Such nonadiabatic excitations are typically deemed detrimental in many scenarios, and consequently several strategies have been put forward to circumvent their formation. Here, however, we show how these nonadiabatic excitations-originated from the failure to meet the adiabatic condition due to the presence of […]
Abstract: An atomic projectile colliding with a surface at kinetic energies in the thermal or hyperthermal range interacts with and is reflected by the electronic density well in front of the first layer of target atoms, and it is generally accepted that the repulsive interaction potential is proportional to the density of electrons extending outside the surface. This review develops a complete treatment of the elastic and inelastic scattering of atoms from a conducting […]
Abstract: The dynamics of the formation of a specific clathrate hydrate as well as its thermodynamic transitions depend on the interactions between the trapped molecules and the host water lattice. The molecular-level understanding of the different underlying processes benefits not only the description of the properties of the system, but also allows the development of multiple technological applications such as gas storage, gas separation, energy transport, etc. In this work we investigate the stability […]
Abstract: We performed first-principles computations to investigate the complex interplay of molecular interaction energies in determining the lattice structure and stability of CO2@sH clathrate hydrates. Density functional theory computations using periodic boundary conditions were employed to characterize energetics and the key structural properties of the sH clathrate crystal under pressure, such as equilibrium lattice volume and bulk modulus. The performance of exchange-correlation functionals together with recently developed dispersion-corrected schemes was evaluated in describing interactions in […]
Abstract: Single photons role in the development of quantum science and technology. They can carry quantum information over extended distances to act as the backbone of a future quantum Internet(1) and can be manipulated in advanced photonic circuits, enabling scalable photonic quantum computing(2,3). However, more sophisticated devices and protocols […]
Abstract: The formation of hydrides by gas-phase reactions between H-2 and a heavy element atom is a very selective process. Reactions with ground-state neutral carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur atoms are very endoergic and have high energy barriers because the H-2 molecule has to be fragmented before a hydride bond is formed. In cold interstellar clouds, these barriers exclude the formation of CH, OH, NH, and SH radicals through hydrogen abstraction reactions. Here we study a […]
Abstract: Ground-based telescopes observing at millimeter (mm) and submillimeter (submm) wavelengths have to deal with a line-rich and highly variable atmospheric spectrum, both in space and time. Models of this spectrum play an important role in planning observations that are appropriate for the weather conditions and also calibrating those observations. Through magnetic dipolar (M1) rotational […]
Abstract: Current noise levels in physical realizations of qubits and quantum operations limit the applicability of conventional methods to characterize entanglement. In this adverse scenario, we follow a quantum variational approach to estimate the geometric measure of entanglement of multiqubit pure states. The algorithm requires only single-qubit gates and measurements, so it is well suited for noisy intermediate-scale quantum devices. This is demonstrated by successfully implementing the method on IBM […]
Abstract: Tensor networks are mathematical structures that efficiently compress the data required to describe quantum systems. An algorithm for the optimal simulation of quantum dynamics based on tensor networks has now been implemented on a trapped-ion processor.
Abstract: Low-energy electrons (LEEs) can very efficiently induce bond breaking via dissociative electron attachment (DEA). While DEA is ubiquitous, the importance of other reactions initiated by LEEs remains much more elusive. Here, we looked into this question by measuring highly accurate total cross sections for electron scattering from 1-methyl-5-nitroimidazole (1M5NI), a model radiosensitizer. The small uncertainty and high energy resolution allow us to […]
Abstract: In this review we deal with open (dissipative and stochastic) quantum systems within the Bohmian mechanics framework which has the advantage to provide a clear picture of quantum phenomena in terms of trajectories, originally in configuration space. The gradual decoherence process is studied from linear and nonlinear Schrodinger equations through Bohmian trajectories as well as by using the so-called quantum-classical transition differential equation through scaled trajectories. This transition is governed by a continuous parameter, the […]
Abstract: The geometrical effect of chlorine atom positions in polyatomic molecules after capturing a low-energy electron is shown to be a prevalent mechanism yielding Cl-2(-). In this work, we investigated hexachlorobenzene reduction in electron transfer experiments to determine the role of chlorine atom positions around the aromatic ring, and compared our results with those using ortho-, meta- and para-dichlorobenzene molecules. This was achieved by combining gas-phase experiments to determine the reaction […]
Abstract: In a recent communication [2021 Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 23 15475-79] we showed that the correct modelling of vibrational quenching events in O + N-2(v) collisions, a fundamental process in air plasmas, requires the detailed representation of intermediate and asymptotic regions of the interaction and the inclusion of several types of processes as vibration to translation (V-T) and vibro-electronic (V-E) energy transfer. For the first time […]
Abstract: We report the detection of fulvenallene (c-C5H4CCH2) in the direction of TMC-1 with the QUIJOTE(1) line survey. Thirty rotational transitions with K-a = 0,1,2,3 and J = 9-15 were detected. The best rotational temperature fitting of the data is 9 K and a derived column density is (2.7 +/- 0.3) x 10(12) cm(-2), which is only a factor of […]
Abstract: We relate observables in open quantum systems with the topology of non-Hermitian models using the Keldysh path-integral method. This allows to extract an effective Hamiltonian from the Green’s function which contains all the relevant topological information and produces omega-dependent topological invariants, linked to the response functions at a given frequency. Then, we show how to detect a transition between different topological phases by measuring the response to local perturbations. Our formalism is […]
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.