Authors: Jabri, A.; Tercero, B.; Margules, L.; Motiyenko, R. A.; Alekseev, E. A.; Kleiner, I.; Cernicharo, J.; Guillemin, J. -C.

Contribution: Article


Publication date: 2020/12/07

DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/202038200

Abstract: Context. S-methyl thioformate CH3SC(O)H is a monosulfur derivative of methyl formate, a relatively abundant component of the interstellar medium (ISM). S-methyl thioformate being, thermodynamically, the most stable isomer, it can be reasonably proposed for detection in the ISM.Aims. This work aims to experimentally study and theoretically analyze the ground and first torsional excited states for CH3SC(O)H in a large spectral range for astrophysical use.Methods. S-methyl thioformate was synthesized as a result of a reaction of methyl mercaptan with acetic-formic anhydride. The millimeter-wave spectrum was then recorded for the first time from 150 to 660 GHz with the solid-state spectrometer located at Lille.Results. A set of 3545 lines is determined and combined with 54 previously measured lines in the microwave region, belonging to ground state nu (t) = 0 as well as 1391 transitions in the first excited state of torsion nu (18) = 1. Some 164 lines were also assigned to nu (18) = 2 for the A-species. A global fit was performed using the BELGI-C-s code taking into account the large splitting of A and E lines due to methyl internal rotation motion with a relatively low barrier, V-3 = 127.4846(15) cm(-1).Conclusions. Using our spectroscopy work, a deep search of S-methyl thioformate was carried out in the IRAM 30 m and ALMA data of different high-mass star-forming regions (Orion KL and Sgr B2). We derived an upper limit to the CH3SC(O)H column density in these regions.