Authors: del Refugio Cuevas-Flores, Ma; Bartolomei, Massimiliano; Antonio Garcia-Revilla, Marco; Coletti, Cecilia

Contribution: Article


Publication date: 2020/06/01

DOI: 10.3390/nano10061074

Abstract: The physical adsorption of cisplatin (CP) on graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) is investigated at the DFT level of theory by exploiting suitable molecular prototypes representing the most probable adsorbing regions of GO and rGO nano-structures. The results show that the CP binding energy is enhanced with respect to that for the interaction with pristine graphene. This is due to the preferential adsorption of the drug in correspondence of the epoxy and hydroxy groups located on GO basal plane: an energy decomposition analysis of the corresponding binding energy reveals that the most attractive contribution comes from the electrostatic attraction between the -NH3 ends of CP and the oxygen groups on (r)GO, which can be associated with hydrogen bonding effects. Moreover, it is found that the reactivity of the physically adsorbed CP is practically unaltered being the free energy variation of the first hydrolysis reaction almost matching that of its free (unadsorbed drug) counterpart. The reported results suggest that the CP physical adsorption on GO and rGO carriers is overall feasible being an exergonic process in aqueous solution. The CP adsorption could facilitate its solubility and transport in water solutions, exploiting the high hydrophilicity of the peripheral carboxylic groups located on the edge of the GO and rGO nano-structures. Moreover, the the higher affinity of CP with respect to the oxidized sites suggests a possible dependence of drug loading and release on pH conditions, which would highly facilitate its specific delivery.