Authors: Tabares, C.; de las Heras, A. Munoz; Tagliacozzo, L.; Porras, D.; Gonzalez-Tudela, A.


Publication date: 2023/08/14

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.131.073602

Abstract: Waveguide QED simulators are analog quantum simulators made by quantum emitters interacting with one-dimensional photonic band gap materials. One of their remarkable features is that they can be used to engineer tunable-range emitter interactions. Here, we demonstrate how these interactions can be a resource to develop more efficient variational quantum algorithms for certain problems. In particular, we illustrate their power in creating wave function Ansatze that capture accurately the ground state of quantum critical spin models (XXZ and Ising) with fewer gates and optimization parameters than other variational Ansatze based on nearest-neighbor or infinite-range entangling gates. Finally, we study the potential advantages of these waveguide Ansatze in the presence of noise. Overall, these results evidence the potential of using the interaction range as a variational parameter and place waveguide QED simulators as a promising platform for variational quantum algorithms.